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Battling Corruption in Nigeria and Obasanjo'slost cause (1)
By Oyibo E. Odinamadu(Mrs.)
She is former vice presidential candidate in Nigeria's 1978-1979elections and founder of the Oyibo OdinamaduFoundation. She holds a 1952 Bachelor of Arts in Education, History,Sociology, from the Lincoln University of Missouri, USA; Master ofArts in Education, Columbia University, New York, USA 1953. She isKnight of St. Christopher of the Church Of Nigeria and recipient ofthe USAfrica HERITAGE MOTHER OF THE YEAR 2005 "for leadership in thepolitical empowerment of Nigerian and African women...." awarded atthe annual event in Houston, Texas
Special and Exclusive Commentary for USAfrica The Newspaper,Houston, USAfricaonline.comand CLASSmagazine and The Black BusinessJournal
A more appropriate definition of corruption is: An abuse of powerfor the purpose of obtaining a benefit (whether monetary orotherwise). This definition would encompass not just corruption on agrand scale but petty corruption as well. In his attempt atexplaining what corruption entails, the current Inspector General ofUganda's Government declared that: "Corruption is difficult to definebut everybody knows and understands what it is, although attitude foror against it differ from person to person and from society tosociety''.
Corruption could be described as any practice, act or omission ofa public official that is a deviation from the norm and cannot beopenly acknowledge, but must be hidden from the public eye.
"Corruption diverts official decision-making from what a decisionshould have been to what it should not have been.
"Corruption introduces discrimination and arbitrariness indecision- making so that rule, regulations and procedures becomeunimportant within a course of action.
"In extreme cases, decision-making is not only transferred to thecorrupters but it is totally injected by, and arrogated to thecorrupters.
"Where countries are concerned, sovereignty is completelysurrendered".
The definition of corruption in the World Book Dictionary saysthat: It is the act of making, or the process of becoming evil,wicked, and dishonest; it was described as being synonymous with rotand decay".
In his own definition, Acha stated corruption as: Any act ofpublic officials that violates the accepted standards of behaviour inorder to serve private or selfish end."
CAUSES OF CORRUPTION IN NIGERIA
According to John G. Ikubaje, the following have been pinpointedamong the causes of corruption in Nigeria:
. Personal greed and ambition
. Bad Leadership
· Poor remuneration
· Pervasive culture of gift-giving
· The absence of positive incentives from employer
· A weak, corrupt reporting system
. Poor internal management practices
· Wide authority and little accountability
· An illegitimate government and inequality of socialgroups
· Ineffective anti-corruption laws
· A complex and cumbersome bureaucracy
· · Lack of effective pension schemes
· The centralization of authority and power
· Poverty (and no hope for recovery)
· The lack of political will to deal with corruption
FACETS OF CORRUPTION IN NIGERIA
In addition to the above definitions, it is worthy of note thatcorruption has many facets in Nigeria, which are:
· Over invoicing
· Advance fee fraud (419)
· Rigging of election and falsification of votersregisters
· Money laundering
· Examination malpractices: expo; false identity ofcandidates; manhandling
invigilators; destruction of scripts by arson; alteration of examresults; use of
juju medicinal and occult mystical powers; falsification ofcertificates; secret
society and cult practices; etc
. Sexual harassment and exploitation
From the above definitions and classifications, it is obvious thatcorruption can be perpetrated in private and public sectors.Summarily speaking therefore, corruption can be said to be: 'Abuse ofpower in any opportunity for selfish gains'.
THE CHALLENGES TO THE WAR AGAINST CORRUPTION IN NIGERIA
There are socio-cultural factors that provide the mellieufavourable for bribery and corruption to germinate, grow and thriveor to militate against the War On Corruption in Nigeria. Some ofthese are:
Poverty and Want
In Nigeria for example, more than half of the population earn lessthan $300.00 per annum and, as the popular dictum goes: A hungry manis an angry man. Such a person is not ready to obey any ethics orcode of conduct before satisfying his hunger. In Igbo, it is alsosaid that: Onye agu-u ka onye ala njo; ma obu na Onye agu-u di kaonye ala. (that is, that a hungry man is like a mad man; or that ahungry man is more dangerous than a mad man. A hungry man, like a madman, would not listen to any reasoning.)
Culture of Gift-Giving
This is generally an acceptable way of life of the African and theNigerian, in particular. In as much it must be emphasized that thereis nothing wrong in gift-giving generally, but when such a gift ismeant to attract favour, the gift then becomes a means to an end andnot an end in itself. Perversion of this gift-giving has caused a lotof problems for Nigeria. The majority of Nigerians give gifts thatare more than their earnings, yet no authority or institution iswilling and ready to question such pervasive gift-giving attitudes,because they themselves are personally involved in the giving andreceiving of such gifts.
Culture of Extended Family pressures
The culture of extended family is another major challenge tocombating corruption in Nigeria. Nigerians go beyond their income tosteal and even kill to save their faces from family and publicembarrassment. The culture of extended family in itself is ideal andprogressive, giving the fact that it promotes unity and progress inthe family. But where such considerations override proper norms forofficial decision-making and behaviour, they should bediscouraged.
Enthronement of Mediocrity
Under-qualified, unemployed Nigerians that have connections withor are related to Nigerians in positions of authority are employed inplace of qualified candidates. Such practice is used to promotecorruption, by giving someone the opportunity he/she does not deserveand denying it to the person who is qualified for it, is theenthronement of mediocrity in action. Therefore, such unqualifiedpeople who are, consequently incapable of discharging the functionsof the office, seek to bribe their way through to hide theirdeficiencies, earn approbation and promotions from the very personswho employed them, in the first place, or those who should expose anddiscipline or sack them. I would be saying the obvious to say thatsuch practices should be discouraged and discontinued.
Dual Loyalty and Patriotism of Nigerian Citizens
Colonization by the British and the establishment of colonialadministration and the demand for obedience, devotion and selflessservice to the foreign and unfamiliar strange system, which iscontrary to what he has known and lives with after office hours, wasthe beginning of the creation of dual loyalty and dual patriotism inNigerians. Also the social contract theory as postulated by ThomasHobbes and other social contract theorists as the factor that oughtto determine the coming together of various ethnic groups anddifferent geo-political zones in the formation of a federation wastotally disallowed and ignored (till today) from being the parameterfor determining Nigeria's federation. The effect is that the abovehas created what is referred to here as the dual consciousness orloyalty in Nigerians. Ethnic identity in Nigeria today has moreprofound appreciation than a cross-cutting national identity. Thisexplains the reason why Nigerians believe there is nothing wrong inembezzling federal government or state government funds in order toenrich themselves, their families, ethnic groups and thegeo-political zone where they come from. That is why the Amalgamationof the Southern and Northern Protectorates of Nigeria in 1914 into afederation, for the administrative convenience of the Britishcolonizers has been the greatest disservice done to the people wholive in the geographical are they called Nigeria.
Also the inability or confusion of the people who came in contactwith the British, worked with, served and interacted with them inadjusting to the two cultures, and knowing when to stop theeye-service and deception and to make the change-over became theundoing of honest, home-grown public service. The ability orwillingness to weld the two cultures together into one acceptablemode of behaviour that the people would be comfortable to live by,gave rise to the continuance of the attitude of colonial mentality,even in the private sector with non-British, foreign employers andeven Nigeria business entrepreneurs. That attitude, which waspresented and shared with a wink of understanding with theirco-workers and peers, and by tacit approval by their Nigerian bosses,fostered what is known as the Colonial Mentality. This dishonest,fraudulent, and deceitful service and interactions, rooted in warpedmentality, took roots and have been transferred and carried over theservice of Indegeneous Nigerian Governments and Administrations.
That gives meaning to the expression of "Olu Oyibo", which means"being in the service of the European or foreigner or stranger orunfriendly and non-kith and kin". That was the affliction andsyndrome that Ukpabi Asika, when he was the Administrator of the EastCentral State, wanted to fight, change and wipe out by setting up the"Otu Olu Obodo", which means " being in the service of the people orsociety". The program was mishandled by not making it an ideologicalissue and program; and mismanaged by handing it over to Mrs. Asika toorganize women, who dress up and jump about in government vehiclesand facilities, and by allowing them to usurp the functions andresources of some Government Ministries and Establishments. That way,Otu Olu Obodo did not sit well with the people. It became a frivolousassociation of women, enjoying themselves in doing their own thingswith Government resources, and in unhealthy competition, reallyuncalled-for rivalry, with the existing voluntary, charitable,non-governmental, non-religious and non-profit making women'sorganizations, notably the National Council Of Women's Societies,which Asika's Administration loathed and did not support, eithermorally or financially with subventions. The Otu Olu Obodo wasenquired into by the Administration of General Olusegun Obasanjo,after the assassination of General Murtala Muhammed, and wasproscribed.
This colonial mentality syndrome persisted, became damaging anddisastrous and continued to wreck havoc after Independence, when thegovernment, the administration and the wealth of the country hadbecame totally indigenous Nigerian. This is because it neitherfostered nor gave room for the propagation and growth of Nigerianhome patriotism. The colonial mentality also manifests the peoplecopying or aping the cultural behaviours and practices of theirforeign colonizers and bosses, such as their language, expressions,accents, dress, foods and drinks, dancing, mannerisms, etc, to theneglect and detriment of their own.
Culture of Corruption
Where man dey work, na dere him dey chop (pidgeon English whichmeans that: Where a man works is where he will eat). This impliesthat a worker is guiltless of any offense as long as the corruptionis perpetrated in his or her work-place. This type of culture must beconstructively dealt with to overcome the problem of corruption inNigeria. Nigerians, high and low, should understand the respect theobligation that one should not steal what is given to him/her to keepor guard and employ for the benefit of the people in general.
Corruption among Nigeria NGOs, CBO, IBO Practitioners, And DonorAgencies To Their Organizations
Though, a few are committed to anti-corruption and goodgovernance, yet many of these categories of people have displayedseveral corrupt practices in their professional practice. Majority ofNigerian NGOs and CBOs do not care to audit their annual financialaccount. Many of those that care to do so, look for CharteredAccountant-friends and relatives to audit the financial accounts oftheir organizations. It is of interest to know that in Nigeria, thereis what is known as Non- Governmental Individuals. The owner of theinstitution is the Proprietor or Chief Executive, the Director, theAccountant, and everything to his business organization. This type ofsituation does not and will not help Nigeria in its campaign againstcorruption;
Forging of Air Tickets and Receipts
Another corrupt but regrettable disposition of some activists inNigeria that can be linked to poverty is the forging of air ticketsand receipts so as to collect more money when they attend workshopsand conferences.
Demand of Certain Percentages By Donor Agency Officials
Worse still is the demand by some officials of donor agencies ofcertain percentages in the disbursement of grants by theirorganizations meant for projects. NGOs and Donor agencies mustovercome the above stated practices by their representatives andstaff before a successful crusade against corruption can be carriedout in Nigeria.
This is because it is said that the rhythm of music is supplied tothe dancer according to how he or she dances (Ka onye si agba egwu kaesi etili ya); or that when one is in the land of cut-ears, he or shewould cut his or her's also (Onye lue ana obili nti, obili nke yanye). This kind of rationalization is for condoning evil and is,therefore, very dangerous.
Greed and Love of Money
There is the propensity of greed and love of money, mostly ofinsatiable appetite. Such people will go to any extent that ishumanly possible to get at and divert money belonging to thegovernment, and entrusted to them for projects, to their own use. Theappetite of such people for stolen money, property and the arrogancethey find themselves swimming in is insatiable, and that means thatthey are greedy and avaricious. The presence of such people inpositions where they can practice their art of stealing is verydangerous for the society. Therefore, such people should be foundout, marked and divested of such positions and power without delay.There should be no sacrosanct respectability whatsoever accorded tosuch people.
Even before he was sworn in as President in an election for hisfirst term in May 1999, retired General Obasanjo said that: "He hadprepared a comprehensive Anti-Corruption Bill, drawing heavily on hisexperiences as a founding member of the Transparency International.Among other things, this draft Bill had included a clause that wouldhave made it possible to investigate the source(s) of wealth ofpublic officers who seem to live above their known means. He agonizedthat the former National Assembly kept this Bill in the cooler forover one year and, eventually, passed a rather watered down versionof it, which does not empower investigation of people known to beliving above their means".
The relevant question is: How much and how far do the peopleadhere to the Rule of Law; the infringement of Laws brought to theattention of the Law Enforcement Agencies; and cases involvinginfringements brought to the Judiciary? Furthermore, how far does theGovernment itself allow these legal Agencies to operate asindependent, without interference from the top by direct or remotecontrol; and keep to the Rule of Law when it is their duty andresponsibility to do so?
It is also a very sad commentary on Nigeria that the people&endash; Families, Extended Families, Communities, Town Unions,Churches, etc - do not mind or question the source of people'swealth, especially sudden wealth. All they care for is that the moneyis available, and that they are in a position to share from and enjoyit. This way, they encourage the persons concerned by sitting down toworship or fraternize with him/her, in obvious approval, andexpectation for more to come. Such persons are usually given thehighest seat and reception at occasions, with tremendous applausesand admiration. What an enthronement of corruption and greed, whichare the negative values that the society has espoused in theirabandonment of positive ones!
President Obasanjo goes on to say that: "The Independent CorruptPractices and Other Related Crime Commission (ICPC) formed by theAct, has recorded some degree of success in the primary objective ofbeing a deterrent promoting institution".
One should ask: Is this record of success real or imaginary; amanufactured or real truth? These would appear to be more of forged,manufactured, and tinkered truths than the real manifestations on theground, which live with the people.
He continued: "Nigerians, in all parts of the country, now knowthat there is such an institution that is empowered to check corruptpractices. The Commission has been receiving hundreds of petitionsand unsolicited information every month".
Can one be sure that these petitions and unsolicited informationare not mostly lies formulated as a result of jealousy, envy,prejudice and malice and to tell the authorities what they want tohear, to betray someone else and to save his/her own skin? A greatdeal of these kinds of petitions and volunteered pieces ofinformation came out of Biafra after the Nigeria/Biafra War in 1970.One should take them with a good pinch of salt without convincingproofs, not just allegations.
"The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) was alsorecently established by an Act of the National Assembly. TheCommission immediately began a vigorous campaign to arrest knownfraudsters, many of who are still held in custody, awaiting trial.The leadership of the Commission has shown strong commitment totackling the financial crime, money laundering and other economicmisconduct that have created difficulties for the country with theOECD-Financial Action Task Force (FATF)".
The trouble with the operations of the EFCC is that they have leftthe main and major culprits and have followed finger-pointing andselective apprehension of so- called and designated offenders, andhave also employed questionable tactics and methods, to hold downtheir victims. For instance, in the case of the Governor of BayelsaState, who jumped bail in England on charges of money-laundering,etc, unconventional meetings were held to nail him and the mass-mediaRadio Service of the State was shut down, a state-of emergencyimposed by the Federal Government, while the people of Bayelsa Stateand Nigerians, in general, were kept in the dark, without informationabout what was happening in the State. Such actions were high-handedand, dictatorial and ascist.
President Obasanjo continued: "Scam Letters Promising Shares OfProceeds Of Illicit Activities: The widely known scam letterspromising shares of proceeds of illicit activities that oftenemanated from some fraudulent Nigerians, and some other nationalsposing as Nigerians, is fast losing its wide spread appeal. Throughthe efforts of the EFCC, tighter controls and enforceable sanctionshave been applied on a number of cases. These have in turn signaledthe undiluted commitment of the government to containing thecorruption virus".
There is nothing that gives Nigeria very rotten image and loss ofcredibility, at home and abroad, than the activities of Scam Letter,known in Nigeria as 419. Not much has been done by the Obassanjo'sdeclared War on Corruption to curb this cankerworm. Rather the menaceand affliction is escalating by leaps and bounds, at home andabroad.
President Obasanjo describes the situation in Nigeria as: "Thereasonable success of the Due Process has strengthened the resolve ofthe Government to push forward a Public Procurement Commission with abroader mandate of overseeing all Federal procurements. A Bill thatcodifies public procurement policy and law and establishes a PublicProcurement Commission is already being reworked for submission tothe National Assembly. This law will streamline purchases, cut waste,eliminate duplication, and bring sanity into businesstransactions".
What does he mean by "Due Process"? Is it by the Rule of Law or byimagined effectiveness of un-acknowledged, unaccepted and un-enforcedLaws, which stay on the papers on which they are written and collectdust and mold in the files?
(It is good and dandy to pass laws, but the relevant thing isenforcing them and making them work. As Ndi Igbo say: Oburo iji ikokunye enwe mili bu nsogbu, na obu onye ganata ya iko ma onwusia&endash; the problem is not giving water to the monkey with a cup. Itis who will recover the cup from him after he has finished drinking.Recently, he has claimed that "he would create 3 million jobs everyyear". The question is: Is this a matter of proposition or are thereany jobs that he has created on the ground? If he has created somejobs on the ground, what kinds of jobs are they? What is theunemployment index in Nigeria? Why does he not announce these jobs,month by month, as they appear? Why has he not been talking aboutjobs and job creation, at least, since his second term in office 1999to 2003? Why does he suddenly start to talk about job creation andjobs? Has he just realized that Nigerians need jobs and that they arein need of employment? Why were they reserved for one fell-swoop ofannouncement? Had he not known that school leavers and graduates inNigeria could not get employed because there were no jobs for alivelihood? Where are his employment agencies or job markets wherepeople go to get employed? Is it at the labourers pool, which existin every town, where people to engage workers on daily basis?)
Retired Gen. Obasanjo continues: "However, our Administration willremain resilient in promoting only those economic policies (likeprivatization and deregulation) that improve creativity andinnovation by value driven productive private sector initiatives. Weare only beginning to let our people know that it pays to celebratesuccesses rather than focus repeatedly on disappointments and thatthey must develop the courage, dedication, and networks to expose andfight corruption at all times and places. The metaphoric island ofintegrity that we seek to arrive at in the course of our journey ofstrategic warfare against corruption may not yet be reached. But onething I know is that the Chinese were right about the one step thatis critical for the journey of a thousand miles. For us, the deeperrevelation that, that one step must not simply be a step, but a stepin the right direction gives us a sense that the journey we haveembarked upon will take us to our integrity island".
The privatization and deregulation economic policies have beenknown by the people as being selective again in handing over theeconomy of the country to a few selected persons with "good"connections, who continue to oppress and exploit the people. Whereincomes the economic redemption, revival and re-establishment of thepeople? Where is the programme for housing the people, putting foodon there table, sending and keeping their children in Schools, andjobs for them when they are finished, and payment of wages andpensions to their parents, guardians and kith and kin as and whendue, not to talk about Social Welfare benefits and free or subsidizednational health programme, which are anathema to Nigeria? Where hasthe middle class of Nigeria gone? Has this life-giving andprosperity-bearing echelon of the society not disappeared with theintroduction of the Structural Adjustment Programme under GeneralIbrahim Badamosi Babangida's Military Administration? What hasObasanjo's two Administrations done to re-establish the Middle ClassinNigeria, and a non-starving lower class? Very, very little.
In the second part of her special and exclusive essay forUSAfricaonline.comand CLASSmagazine, Mrs. Odinamadu, a Nigerian national honors winner,continues her assessment of Nigeria's president Olusegun Obasanjo andother realities of the anti-corruption laws.
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"I hope I have shown it is possible to show respect to English and Igbo together. Chinua Achebe added that "The situation may well develop in the future, in which the different languages of Africa will begin to reassert themselves," he added. "I have made provision for that myself, by writing certain kinds of material in Igbo. For instance, I will insist my poetry is translated back into Igbo while I'm still around."
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Bush's position on Africa is "ill-advised." The position stated by Republican presidential aspirant and Governor of Texas, George Bush where he said that "Africa will not be an area of priority" in his presidency has been questioned by USAfricaonline.com Publisher Chido Nwangwu. He added that Bush's "pre-election position was neither validated by the economic exchanges nor geo-strategic interests of our two continents." These views were stated during an interview CNN's anchor Bernard Shaw and senior analyst Jeff Greenfield had with Mr. Nwangwu on Saturday November 18, 2000 during a special edition of 'Inside Politics 2000.' Nwangwu, adviser to the Mayor of Houston (the 4th largest city in the U.S., and immigrant home to thousands of Africans) argued further that "the issues of the heritage interests of 35 million African-Americans in Africa, the volume and value of oil business between between the U.S and Nigeria and the horrendous AIDS crisis in Africa do not lend any basis for Governor Bush's ill-advised position which removes Africa from fair consideration" were he to be elected president. By Al Johnson
The Life and Irreverent times of Afrobeat superstar, FELA
Reuben Abati's fallacies on Nigeria's history and secession. By Bayo Arowolaju
How Abati, Adelaja and others fuel the campaign of hatred against Ndigbo. By Jonas Okwara
"Obasanjo, secession and the secessionists": A response to Reuben Abati's Igbophobia. By Josh Arinze, USAfricaonline.com contributing editor.
Abati and other anti-Igbo bigots in Nigeria. By Chuks Iloegbunam, USAfricaonline.com contributing editor and author of Ironsi
CNN International debate on Nigeria's democracy was livecast on February 19, 2002. It involved Nigeria's Information Minister Prof. Jerry Gana, Prof. Salih Booker and USAfricaonline.com Publisher Chido Nwangwu. Transcripts are available on the CNN International site.
WILL ARINZE BE THE FIRST POPE of RECENT AFRICAN ORIGIN? To our Brother Cardinal Arinze: May your pastoral lineage endure!
The Democratic Party stood for nothing in 2002 election cycle. By Jonathan Elendu
EVA champions efforts to combat AIDS among Nigerian youth. By Jessica Rubin
Pros and cons of the circumcision debate. By Ngozi Ezeji, RN
Prof. Chimere Ikoku: Remembering the legacy of a pan-Africanist, scientist and gentleman. By Prof. Chudi Uwazurike
Can Africa live a future without war? An Open Letter to Mandela. By Fubara David-West, USAfricaonline.com contributing editor
Tiger Woods is no Nelson Mandela! By Chido Nwangwu
SPORTS: Tiger Woods makes more history with another golf Masters win. He shot 12-under-par 276 and a final round 71 at Georgia's Augusta National Golf Club event and collected $1,008,000, on Sunday April 14, 2002. With it, the world's golf phenom added another green jacket to his array of championships and titles, placing him, in this instance, in the same respected Masters' league as Nicklaus (winner 1965 and 1966) and Nick Faldo (1989 and 1990). The three are the only men to win back-to-back Masters. At 26, Woods has since become the youngest golfer to win his seventh professional major championship. He was joined by his parents and his 22 year-old Swedish model girlfriend, Elin Nordegren.
Impeachment process shows Nigerian democracy "is alive... being tested." Nigeria's president retired Gen. Olusegun Obasanjo has said that the impeachment process shows that "democracy is alive, is being tested, and being tried.... What they (the legislators) have tried to do in the democratic way, which is not easy, would probably have been done by taking arms or by -- with bullets. So, but with democracy, of course, some people feel that this is the way this should be, and then I have an opportunity to defend myself. There is discussion. There is dialogue. There is a decision. There is fairness." He made these comments when he appeared on Tuesday September 17, 2002 on CNN International to discuss the issues of impeachment facing him, the allegations of corruption, abuse of the constitution and deployment of soldiers ina civilian environment which led to the "massacre of civilians" in Odi (Bayelsa) and Zaki Biam (Benue). On the charges by international human rights organizations and Nigerian media that his government has been involved in actions which have led to the deaths of thousands of Nigerians, the retired General gave a surprising answer. He was asked that "as many as 10,000 people, it's being reported, have been killed in Nigeria (in) communal rivalries, and the number is believed to be increasing. And people are saying that although President Obasanjo has done a lot of good for Nigeria, you're accused of not -- accused of failing to halt that spiraling violence."
Obasanjo: Let me say this to you, when you put the question of 10,000 -- 10,000 people dying in Nigeria, of course, for a population of over 120 million people...." But USAfricaonline.com Founder and recipient of the Journalism Excellence award (1997), Chido Nwangwu, who appeared on the same program as as a CNN International analyst (Africa) pointed out that "when (President Obasanjo) answered that in a country of 100 million that 10,000 people are said to have died, as if that was a small number, that in itself reflects a disconnect with the concerns of Nigerians. The second one is that when the risk is civil disagreement, the police are required to intervene in the country. And the deployment of the armed forces of Nigeria requires at least some consultation, however modest, with the parliament." Nwangwu, former member of the editorial board of Nigeria's Daily Times continued that "the third factor that is equally important to underscore is that the armed forces of Nigeria moved in for a punitive action rather than just containing a civil disagreement." He noted in USAfricaonline.com backgrounder "it was revealing and interesting interesting discussing Nigeria's issues with its leader - under the current circumstances of an increasingly out-of-schedule elections and the gathering storm of an impeachment process by a majority of the members of the National Assembly, predominantly by Obasanjo's party members." See rush transcript of the CNN International news program.
Obasanjo facing corruption and ineptitude impeachment charges, again since the parliament, a few weeks ago, passed a motion carrying a majority of the members of Obasanjo's party, the PDP.
RELIGION AND ETHNIC CONFLICT: Sharia-related killings and carnage in Kaduna reenact deadly prologue to Nigeria-Biafra war of 1967. By Chido Nwangwu
It's wrong to stereotype Nigerians as Drug Dealers. By Chido Nwangwu
Nigeria as a Nation of Vulcanizers
Why Colin Powell brings gravitas, credibility and star power to Bush presidency.
Private initiative, free market forces, and more democratization are keys to prosperity in Africa.
The Civilianizing of African soldiers into Presidents
Maduekwe, Nwachukwu clash over Obasanjo at World Igbo 2002 convention in Houston. USAfrica Special report
CNN International debate on Nigeria's democracy livecast on February 19, 2002. It involved Nigeria's Information Minister Prof. Jerry Gana, Prof. Salih Booker and USAfricaonline.com Publisher Chido Nwangwu. Transcripts are available on the CNN International site.
Steve Jobs and Apple represent the future of digital living. By Chido Nwangwu
The coup in Cote d'Ivoire and its implications for democracy in Africa. By Chido Nwangwu
(Related commentary) Coup in Cote d'Ivoire has been in the waiting. By Tom Kamara.